Culture In Nepal : Among the majority castes in Nepal, the Kewat or Kewart caste is a major caste in the Terai. These castes have been involved in agriculture from the very beginning. Aryamul is counted as a backward caste in the Terai. Agriculture seems to be moving forward by making agricultural production and sale of agricultural commodities its traditional occupation.
In the early days of the Hindu caste system, after the origin of the Brahmanical scriptures by the Brahmins, the Kevart class was kept as a pure caste. The Hindu scriptures Ramayana and Mahabharata also mention these castes who have been living in the Terai region since ancient times. Incidents such as Lord Rama eating the false beer of Sabari and a person from the Malhar caste crossing the river in his name with the help of Shri Ram are reminiscent of the saying of the great poet Laxmi Prasad Devkota that ‘a man with a big heart is not a caste’. Francis Buchanan, a foreign scholar who has studied the people of the Hindu Aryan race, writes of Kewat or Kiot, “Kewart had the status of a Brahmin in Assam and Vyas in Bengal.” culture in nepal
In Nepal, these castes have not been given the same importance as the farming castes, so education, consciousness and awareness of the potential seems to be increasing the respect. There are four sub-castes or groups in the Kevartas including Ghakhait, Sadya, Dhima and Bahikiyot. The Kevarta people live in almost all the districts of the Eastern Terai of Nepal from Jhapa to Parsa. Goddesses Kali, Gahil and Gauraya are the main deities of the Kevarta caste while the Kevarta caste celebrates festivals like other Hindu castes. Some of the worship related to crop farming is of a special kind. culture in nepal
Other Dalit castes in the Terai:
Dusadya caste: – Dusadya caste has been living in the Terai region for centuries. Since Dusadya caste is classified as Dalit caste of Tarai, it would be appropriate to give reservation as Dalit caste of Nepal instead. While listing as Dalit and reserved caste, justice will be done to this backward caste in many areas.
This caste, which is also discriminated against by the Constitution of Nepal (2063 BS), still has to struggle very hard to ensure its rights. He says that the Rana rulers took away the land of their ancestors from the Dusadya people who used to have a lot of land in the Terai. In India or Aryavarta, the term Dalit was used today to refer to the Shudra caste or the caste serving Brahmins and Kshetris. culture in nepal
The Dusadya caste, classified as the Dalit caste of the Tarai, worships Sahales, their original male deity, and at the same time worships all Hindu deities. Especially they worship Lord Sahales, Bhagwati, Kalibandi, Satyanarayana, Mahamaya, Lord Vishnu and Ganesha. Dusadya is also called Paswan or Pasi. Dalit leader and former Union Minister Ram Vilas Paswan is famous in Paswan Thar.
According to the 2068 census, the population of Dusadya or Paswan caste in Nepal is 20,910. The oldest place or connection of the Dusadya caste is with the palace of King Kulheshwar of Pakdihan in Siraha district of Nepal. These castes were known in the court as watchmen, soldiers, heroes and mighty men. Similarly, the ruby baths, bathing arenas, worship places, etc. used by Sahales are still referred to as Sahales Bagh or Phulbari. Not only Paswan or Dusadya castes but also other Hindu sects worship Sahales Maharaj. culture in nepal
The worship of Sahales Maharaj is celebrated with pomp and circumstance on the first day of the year, i.e. on the 1st of Baisakh, B.C. On the same day, i.e. on 1st April, the Dusadya caste sings songs based on the folklore of Sahales Maharaj and also performs dances. Similarly, worship and programs are also held at a place called Sahales Than in Siraha district. In ancient times, it is believed that these areas were ruled by the heroic and ancestral Dusadya caste. The people of these castes including Golo, Datri, especially Dusadya, Paswan or Hazara are their surnames. They are also seen in other areas.culture in nepal
The ancient land of the Dusadyas is considered to be the Siraha district of present day Nepal and the adjoining areas of Siraha district of Bihar state of India.
The Paswans of the Dusadya caste have five pasis including Kamur, Kurna, Maghaiya Sur Jahar and Paliwar. Dusadya people also say that Dusadya people have their own ancestors. In the past, the dusadyas who took care of their parents were called Kamur and the children who did not take care of their parents were called Kurna. Similarly, the children who ran away from Magha out of fear of their parents were called Paliwar and the children who cared only for their own children rather than their parents. In the Dusadya caste, social activities mainly include birth, Chhathiyar, Nawaran, Annaprashan, Chuda Karma, marriage and death rites. The child is born six days . culture in nepal
If it is kept in a separate room till then on the sixth day it is purified and Chhatihar is celebrated. It is done on the same day after Chhathiyar. Annaprashan Like other Hindu castes, some people also do Chuda Karma.
The date of marriage is fixed after the consent of the bride and groom before the marriage. The bridegroom wears a traditional white headdress during the wedding procession. According to Hindu tradition, marriages are performed by Brahmins chanting mantras. Death rites are performed like other Hindu castes in the Terai Madhes. culture in nepal
The Dusadya caste burns the corpse from north to south and the head of the corpse is placed to the north. In Barkhi Barda, only the eldest son stays in Kiria, but on the thirteenth day, it is customary to be completely cleansed of lies. The Dusadya caste has been celebrating festivals like the people of other Hindu sects. Although the Dusadya caste, which is one of the backward Dalit castes in Nepal, prefers to call themselves the upper class of Dalits, most of the Dusadya castes have fallen behind in the economic and social spheres. culture in nepal