Sukhani Kanda :What Is The Sukhani Scandal In Jhapa?


Sukhani Kanda The incident where five people were martyred at the same time in the communist movement 46 years ago in Sukhani in Mai Municipality, bordering Jhapa and Ilam, is known as ‘Sukhani Kanda’. Netra Ghimire, Krishna Kuinkel, Viren Rajbanshi, Narayan Shrestha and Ram Nath Dahal were taken to Sukhani forest and killed by the then Panchayat rulers on the charge of forming a front against the Panchayat system.

Sukhani Kanda
Sukhani Kanda

Ghimire, Kuinkel and Shrestha were residents of Savik Gramani VDC of Jhapa and Dahal Savik Charpane VDC and Rajbanshi Savik Jamirgadhi VDC. The then Mechi-Koshi Coordination Committee of the then Communist Party in Jhapa had formed a front against the Panchayat system in 2028 BS.

The Panchayat government had arrested five persons on the charge of involvement in the blockade and kept them in custody at Jhapa Prison, Chandragadhi. He was taken to the forest of Sukhani on February 7, 2029 under the pretext of shifting from Chandragadhi Jail to Ilam Jail. Sukhani Martyrs’ Memorial Foundation Nepal has erected a full-sized statue of five martyrs within the model community forest area martyred by the martyrs. -Sukhani Kanda

In that place, the then CPN (UML) and CPN (ML) have been holding separate tributes in memory of the Jhapa Uprising Warriors on March 6. On this day 47 years ago, five warriors involved in the communist movement were martyred at Sukhani in Mai Municipality, bordering Jhapa and Ilam.

The massacre of political prisoners by the then Panchayat state in the forest of Sukhani on the border of Jhapa and Ilam districts under the pretext of moving the jail is known as ‘Sukhani Kanda’ Netra Ghimire, Krishna Kuinkel, Biren Rajbanshi, Narayan Shrestha and Ram Nath Dahal were brutally killed by the then Panchayat ruler in the Sukhani forest. -Sukhani Kanda

Sukhani Kanda
Sukhani Kanda

The Mechi-Koshi Coordination Committee of the then Communist Party in Jhapa had formed a front against the Panchayat system in 2028 BS. All the five arrested by the Panchayat government on the charge of being involved in the same blockade were kept in the Chandragadhi Jail in Jhapa. They were later taken to the forest of Sukhani on February 7, 2029 under the pretext of shifting from Chandragadhi Jail to Ilam Jail and shot dead.

Ghimire, Kuinkel and Shrestha were residents of Savik Gramani VDC of Jhapa and Dahal Savik Charpane VDC and Rajbanshi Savik Jamirgadhi VDC. The Mechi-Koshi Coordination Committee of the then Communist Party in Jhapa had formed a front against the Panchayat system in 2028 BS.

All the five arrested by the Panchayat government on the charge of being involved in the same blockade were kept in the Chandragadhi Jail in Jhapa. They were later taken to the forest of Sukhani on February 7, 2029 under the pretext of shifting from Chandragadhi Jail to Ilam Jail and shot dead.

The movement did not stop even after the  Sukhani Kanda

An armed peasant revolt started from Jhapa against feudalism, imperialism, exploitation and oppression in the country. The revolutionary youth of Jhapa had a strong impression of the Naxalites in the neighboring district of Jhapa, India, and as a result, they started a revolt with a ‘revolutionary consciousness’ to stop exploitation and oppression in the society until the class enemy was eliminated.

Especially, the Communist Party of Nepal, which started in 2006 BS, was weakened by many factions and divisions after coming to power in 2019 BS. An armed peasant revolt broke out in Jhapa in order to unify the factional and divided communist movement and move the revolutionary communist movement forward with new vigor and vigor. -Sukhani Kanda

Shukhani scandal
Sukhani Kanda

Five of their comrades (Ramnath Dahal, Netra Ghimire, Biren Rajbanshi, Krishna Kuinkel and Narayan Shrestha) who were arrested in connection with the peasant revolt were brutally murdered by the then Panchayat government, especially the (Nirankus Raja’s government) under the pretext of transferring them from Chandragadhi Jail in Jhapa to Ilam Jail. Done. The brutal assassination carried out by the then government in a planned manner is called Sukhani Kanda murder case.

Five of the comrades (Ramnath Dahal, Netra Ghimire, Biren Rajbanshi, Krishna Kuinkel and Narayan Shrestha) who were arrested in connection with the peasant revolt were brutally murdered in Sukhani by the then Panchayat government, especially the Nirankus Raja government, under the pretext of transferring them from Chandragadhi Jail in Jhapa to Ilam Jail. . The brutal assassination carried out by the then government in a planned manner is called Sukhani Kanda murder case.

In the communist movement, there was factionalism, division, division, flight and despair in the country. Ending that, the remaining comrades continued the campaign of uniting the revolutionary communists. Its message was to end the autocratic monarchy in this country, to end the fascist-style Panchayat system and to end all forms of exploitation and oppression of feudalism and imperialism, to end all forms of discrimination and to complete the new democratic revolution. It also had the goal and objective of taking the path of communism while being socialist.

Nail  Break -Sukhani Kanda

After the assassination of five people including Ram Nath, the then government arrested Mohan Chandra Adhikari, Radhakrishna Mainali, Naresh Khatri, Mankumar Gautam and many others. After that incident, some friends fled the communist movement. Some migrated to India for security. The rest of the comrades pushed the communist movement forward.

In this process, Mohan Chandra Adhikari, KP Oli, Radhakrishna Mainali, Naresh Kharel were also arrested. We worked to move the movement forward with a plan to expand it again. But in the meantime, I was also arrested and Rajan Rajbanshi was arrested a little later than me. After that, CP Mainali was also arrested. Before the arrest of CP Mainali, he had made contact with the revolutionary communists of Morang.

He formed the All Nepal Communist Revolutionary Coordination Center by contacting nine districts. Mainali was arrested after the coordination was formed. But under the leadership of Jhala Nath Khanal, the work progressed and the message of the Jhapa movement spread not only to the nine districts but also to other districts. Later we were taken to Nakhu Jail through various jails.

We had to move the revolutionary movement forward. In that process, we reached Nakhu Jail Break. Among them, CP Mainali, Naresh Kharel and 15 others were among those who broke the jail. Of the 15 jail breakers, five were re-arrested. One of them fled to India and the other nine reunited with the party to organize the communist movement on a revolutionary basis and to carry out the armed struggle.

After coming in 2035 BS, ML was formed as Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist-Leninist). Thus the movement moved forward. Later, the movement moved forward by correcting the extremist thinking, provocations and weaknesses that appeared in the Jhapa movement. These same friends later played a role in the 2036 movement and referendum. In that process, it was successful in organizing the communist revolutionaries from all over the country and bringing them together in the people’s movement of 2046 BS by cooperating with the Nepali Congress.

After the success of the people’s movement, the party became open. After that, open activities of the party started all over the country. Thus the communist movement moved forward with unification. Later, the UML merged with the Marxists led by Manmohan Adhikari to form the UML. After the formation of the UML, the movement was moved forward in a different way. In 2051 BS, a minority government was formed through elections. The then nine-month government became very popular.Sukhani Kanda

After 2052, the Maoist movement started in a new way. After the onset of the Maoist movement, the Congress, the UML and the UCPN (M) formed a front of other smaller parties to unify the armed struggle. Under whose leadership the people’s movement of 2062 BS started. Not only did that people’s movement overthrow the king, but a great change took place in this country. -Sukhani Kanda

The task was to end the monarchy and achieve a republic. Especially with the establishment of inclusive democracy, the federal system was implemented in place of the centralized system of governance. After that, the CPN (UML) merged with the Maoist center to form the Communist Party of Nepal (CPN). Who is leading the country. Thus, the CPN (Maoist) has been established as the mainstream of the communist movement started by Pushpalal. Sukhani Kanda

At present, a central government with a two-thirds majority has been formed under the leadership of the CPN (Maoist) and a CPN-led government has been formed in six of the seven states. Similarly, at the local level, the majority government has been formed by the CPN (Maoist).

Deviation from the communist leadership  -Sukhani Kanda

Sukhani Kanda
Sukhani Kanda

Now that we have reached this stage, the Jhapa movement cannot be forgotten. The main objective of this Jhapa movement is to advance the class struggle. In particular, it was to go ahead by establishing the ruling power in the hands of the working proletariat and complete the democratic revolution. Now the path of peaceful movement has been adopted. But it is important to understand what is happening in the spirit and emotion of that time. At that time, the objectives, goals and beliefs from which we were moving forward have not been achieved. -Sukhani Kanda

Now that we have reached this stage, the Jhapa movement cannot be forgotten. The main objective of this Jhapa movement is to advance the class struggle. In particular, it was to move forward by establishing the ruling power in the hands of the working proletariat and to complete the democratic revolution. Now the path of peaceful movement has been adopted. But it is important to understand what is happening in the spirit and emotion of that time. At that time, the objectives, goals and beliefs from which we were moving forward have not been achieved. -Sukhani Kanda

Basically, the deviation in the communist movement, the distortion and anomaly in the communist movement has not been able to achieve that goal or objective. Especially the distortion and anomaly in the leadership is the main aspect. Due to which class bias was coming to an end. As the working class and the proletariat weakened, the movement to focus against the bureaucratic middle class (bourgeoisie) moved forward. Gradually losing the class thinking of yesterday, the spirit of yesterday’s movement was fading away. Sukhani Kanda

Now, instead, wrong thinking and thoughts are rampant within the party. It has accumulated a heap of distortions and anomalies. Therefore, the dream we have seen in this country in the year 2028 BS will not be fulfilled unless the movement to end this dungeon is taken forward. What the Nepali people expected is not going to be fulfilled. Sukhani Kanda

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It is important for the communist revolutionaries to carry the belief that in order to fulfill the dreams and expectations of the Nepali people by ending the distortions and anomalies, they must move forward in a new way in today’s national and international situation with new trends and new thinking.Sukhani Kanda

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