Budha Subba : The Temple Where Love Bonding Gets Successful

Budha Subba Temple or Budha Subba is located in Bijaypur of Dharan sub-metropolis of Sunsari district in the east of Nepal. A few east of Dantkali, on the headwaters of the Seuti River, there are bamboos without tops, which are believed to have been smashed by Budhasubba with a slingshot. Budhasubba place of Dharan Bijaypur is considered as an important temple for Kiratis and non-Kiratis. Inside the Budhasubba temple there are two mounds of clay which are worshiped as Budha subba.


Budha Subba
Budha Subba

That mound is the tomb of Budha subba. Another special feature of this temple is that it is surrounded by bamboos without a tip. The  temple is very crowded every Saturday. On that day, chickens and pigs are sacrificed to the old man. There is a tradition of taking vows for the fulfillment of one’s desires and offering animal sacrifices to the people living in different parts of Nepal. Devotees from all over the country and abroad, especially on Saturdays, worship chickens, pigs, etc. by sacrificing them.  It is understood that claws have been used in the Budha subba temple since 2015.

According to historian Iman Singh Chemjong, Vijaypur was the capital of the kingdom of Limbuwan (Pallo Kirat) during the reign of King Bijaya Narayan Rai Khewang. The name Vijaypur is believed to have been derived from the name of King Bijaya Narayan.




The Budha Subba Temple is located in Dharan, about 136 miles (or 220 km) east of the country’s capital, Kathmandu. The temple is located on the banks of the Seuti River, some east of Dantkali.



The story

Old Subba and his sister Subbini used to hunt with slingshots and matyangra in the hills. One day, they accidentally shot a crow at a bamboo pole. From that day onwards the bamboo top did not grow and after that the crow never came to Vijaypur. Due to that, Budhasubba stopped hunting and buried his slingshot in the ground. Then Budha Subba meditated on the place where Budha Subba’s temple is now. His sister Subbini’s temple is nearby.


Budha Subba
Budha Subba


According to historian Iman Singh Chemjong, this is the tomb of the last Limbu king of Morang, Buddhikarna Rai Khewang. Since Prithvinarayan Shah of Nepal was killed diplomatically in Vijaypur during the unification of Limbuwan (Pallo Kirat) region including Vijaypur, his people built a tomb for the eternal peace of the king’s soul. According to the local Limbu people, Buddhikarna Rai Khewang became a spirit and started helping people.

The local Limbus began to worship the king’s tomb (now the old Subba temple) as it had a good effect on the king’s soul (Subba or Hong means king in the Limbu language).


Budha Subba


Old Subba is also worshiped by Hindus as Kiranteshwar. According to some, Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati, disguised as Hangsam and Yumamang, came to Vijaypur as kings and queens while hunting, where they kept their bows and did penance. At that time, they understood the beginning of Kali Yuga and became introspective. Bamboo sprouted from the bow without a tip. [10]

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At one point, the warrior came to this place wandering alone and was buried in a state of rest. There are legends that his followers filled the tomb with soil and later started spreading propaganda by naming it as Budha Subba.

Budha Subba
Budha Subba

The custom of writing on bamboo and tying garlands

It was customary to write the name on the bamboo around the temple. There is a legend that when a name is written on a bamboo, the love of a lover is successful. However, as the number of names written on bamboo has increased, the temple committee has stopped writing names to conserve bamboo. At present, it is customary to worship at the Budha Subba temple and tie a thread to bamboo. It is customary to say that the love of lovers is successful when the thread is tied in this way.

Addressing the loving practice inside the Budhasubba temple, it is said in the song ‘Guransko Fedmuni’: Let’s write Budhasubba’s name in bamboo today! How long will I wait for you to come?


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