4 Martyrs of Nepal, Martyr’s Day is celebrated on Magh 16 with various programs across the country in memory of the martyrs who sacrificed their lives for the establishment of independence and democracy of the country. A week-long Martyr’s Day has been celebrated in the memory of the heroic martyr who sacrificed his life for the establishment of democracy.
Dasharath Chand (1960-1997)
Dasharath Chand was born in the womb of father Sher Bahadur Chand and mother Oj Kumari Chand. He was born in July 1960 in Baskot, Baitadi district as a woman. Martyr Myla means Dasharath Chand. The most powerful personality among the opponents of Rana rule was late. Chand had passed the certificate level in humanities and sociology from Benaras. Before that, he studied in places like Nepalgunj, Almoda, Kumaon and Nainital.
At the same time, he started doing politics in the Kashi Citizens’ Campaign. He took an active part in the Satyagraha started by Mahatma Gandhi in India. Dasharath first met Tanka Prasad Acharya in 1990 at Mauwadah in Bara district. In 1991, he arrived in Burma with his colleague Shiv Dutta Bhatt. After that, he reached Thailand and planned to carry out an armed revolution in Nepal. He was a cadre of Nepal Praja Parishad. He used to publish anti-Rana articles under the pseudonym Sevasingh.
He used to publish anti-Rana articles under the pseudonym Sevasingh. Dasharath Chand and Ganga Lal Shrestha were in the same jail cell. The then Rana government Dasharath Chand was shot dead by Shobha Bhagwati on Magh 15 ,1997. Dasharath, a young man who had graduated from Benaras, went to the party twice to marry Julia Maiya of the Rana dynasty of Kathmandu, but the marriage could not take place due to a ‘false midwife’ in the girl’s family. The party returned empty-handed.
Dasharath Chand, who wore glasses, used to visit every house in the village. He used to take care of his sisters and brothers-in-law. If he was hungry, he would not hesitate to ask his brother-in-law for food.
Shukraraj Joshi (Shastri) (1950-1997)
Shukraraj Joshi was born in 1950 BS in Bangemuda, Kathmandu. As he passed Shastri in Sanskrit literature in higher category, he was later called Shastri. Shukra Raj, an active member of the Arya Samaj, was married to the sister of another martyred devotee, Mathema. He was a prominent Nepali language writer. He has also published books in various languages.
After graduating in English literature from the Punjab University of India, Shukraraj returned to Nepal. After coming to Kathmandu, he came in contact with the revolutionaries. Since 1993, he has been campaigning against the Rana regime. He was even detained by the Rana government on the charge of meeting with Mahatma Gandhi. He was immediately arrested on charges of treason and sentenced to three years in prison.
He was sentenced to death by the Rana regime on eight false charges and hanged on the night of Magh 10, 1997.
Dharmabhakta Mathema (1966-1997)
Born in Ombahal, Kathmandu on Ashoj 9 ,1966, he was educated in Darjeeling, India. Dharmabhakta Mathema’s father Adibhakta Mathema was a subba level government servant during the Rana rule.
Mathema was not only the leader of Nepal’s political movement but also one of the best players in the country. Along with his studies and politics, he also promoted his sports field. He was also the first professional bodybuilder in Nepal. As a child, he was very thin and slender. He was ridiculed by his friends for being thin and thin. While studying in Calcutta, he was admitted to a gym. He also became the Bengal Champion by winning various physical fitness competitions in Calcutta.
He returned to Kathmandu and set up a gymkhana in his own house in Ombahal. Many young people used to come to his gym to do gym. His gym house was so popular that even members of the Rana family and the police came to the gym.
On one occasion, King Tribhuvan was impressed by his physical fitness and exercise at Tundikhel in Kathmandu. Later, Tribhuvan appointed him as his exercise instructor.
To liberate the people from the terror of the Rana regime, the devotee established the Nepal People’s Council in his own house in Bikram Sambat 1993. While a secret meeting of the People’s Council was being held in Lanchaur, Kathmandu in the presence of King Tribhuvan, he and many others were arrested. He was hanged by the Rana dynasty on the same day, Magh 13, 1997, in Sifal.
Ganga Lal Shrestha (1975-1997)
Late. Ganga Lal, son of Bhaktalal Shrestha and mother Tulasimaya Shrestha, was born in 1975 in Bhangeri village of Ramechhap district. After living in Kolkata, India with his uncle for 2-3 years, he returned to Kathmandu.
In 1994, he graduated from Durbar High School with a first class SLC. He passed and was studying ISC in Tri-Chandra College. Ganga Lal was an artist and activist of Mahavir Sanstha. There were anti-Rana discourses and activities in Mahavir Sanstha.
The Rana government arrested Gangalal for addressing the same assembly at Shukraraj’s assembly (Asan and Indrachowk in 1995 BS), but he was later released. After becoming a member of the Praja Parishad in the company of Dasharath Chand, Rana became active in anti-regime activities. He was arrested on Kartik 2 , 1997 for engaging in the activities of the Praja Parishad. He was shot dead along with Dasharath Chand on Magh 15 1997 at the Sobha Bhagwati in Bishnumati’s Bagar. He was married.