BP Koirala : BP Koirala’s Personality, Politics and Literature

Nepali Congress Founder

BP Koirala : Life

If you look at the lives of the great people of the world, it seems to be a struggle. Even when we look at the life story of Bishweshwar Prasad Koirala, we find it conflicting. He was born surgically. In September 1971, Krishna Prasad Koirala’s youngest wife, Divya Koirala, gave birth to Bishweshwar Prasad Koirala (by surgery) in Vanaras. Nwaranma Pandit had named her Chudamani. Kalidasa was not satisfied with this name and named him BP Koirala.

This name became famous all over the world. Bishweshwar spent his childhood in Chandragunj, but his stay in Chandragunj did not last long because he felt pity for Krishna Prasad Koirala’s delicate condition. He informed Chandra Shamsher about the condition of the people of the country.


BP Koirala
BP Koirala

After Chandra Shamsher saw this parcel, Krishna Prasad was able to leave for India with a hint as to what action would be taken against him. His universal government deprived him. At this time, the Koirala family had to become proletarian and Bishweshwar had to move to Vanaras with his family at the age of 11. As a child, the settlement of the universe did not remain stable. When he was in Vanaras, when in Calcutta, when in Vetiya, etc., his childhood life became cyclical. There was also the problem of eating. Sometimes he  had to spend day and night eating Grams.

Student Life of BP Koirala

BP Koirala, who was on a journey of a difficult life, also remained on a difficult journey. When a person suffers from stomach problems. What is left but food? It is said that his family was in such a miserable condition that when he got sick and had sores all over his body, he did not even have the money to buy anesthesia. He had to undergo surgery without any medicine. The operation was not successful and he had to go to Calcutta again. After the successful operation in Calcutta,BP koirala  returned to Banaras.

Bishweshwar did not get much study environment but he was brave. While living in Vanaras, he had to carry the burden of the poor and after his father bought land in Tedhi, V.P. I also had to come to the crooked. Half of his adolescence was spent in the BP’s crookedness.He wanted to study in Valnaras but Krishna Prasad Koirala could not afford it.

Nepali  Congress Founder
Nepali Congress Founder


Looking at the economic condition of the Koirala family, he was prosperous at the beginning, but due to the bitterness between him and Chandrashamsher, he became a foreigner. From that point onwards, the economic life of the Koirala family remained difficult. While living in Vetiya, everyone was forced to wash their flour and eat it. It is said that when Harihar died, he did not even have money to buy a blanket. I had to sell magazines to support myself. When Chandra Shamsher died and Bhim Shamsher became a minister, Krishna Prasad returned to Nepal.

Again he went into business and his financial situation improved. Just as the family had to deal with a difficult situation, it was natural for the VP to be affected. From an early age, he was a courageous, obedient and respectful parent.


BP Koirala : Education

BP Koirala’s study started from Benaras. After coming to Tedhi, Krishna Prasad bought land in Tedhi (Hajiko Wag) and built a school and a dormitory. The study of the universe began well here.  He wanted to go to Benaras from Tedhi. Due to the inability to pay for her travel expenses, her aunt and sister-in-law, Nalini, who was with her mother, also gave her money to solve the problem. Proceeds from the sale of the gold were enrolled in the school.


BP Koirala
Nepali Congress Founder

BP Koirala passed matriculation in second class. After passing matriculation, Krishna Prasad wanted to study from Calcutta, but he  considered Vanaras better than Calcutta and he started studying in Vanaras. He also passed 12 from Vanaras. In 1934, he  graduated in political science. He also had a bachelor’s degree in law.


BP Koirala’s marriage was also a simple affair. He was married to Shushila, the daughter of Kamal Prasad, the governor of Jhapa. Even after getting married, VP’s financial situation was very poor. He got married to his friend Devendra for four hundred rupees. Both parents were not present at the his  wedding. Marital life was also happy. She gave birth to three sons and two daughters. The sons are Prakash, Sriharsha and Shashank, while one of the daughters died and the other survived.

BP Koirala’s  political life

The beginning of BP Koirala’s politics is also mysterious. He first appeared in Terrorism. He was imprisoned for four months (1930) on charges of murder, violence and robbery in Vetiya. Motihari’s name was also involved in the robbery, but he did not participate in it and was cleared. His political influence was first felt in Marxism. He also went to Bombay and studied the works of Marxism. Krishna Prasad belonged to the Congress organization.

Even in politics, Krishna Prasad’s mark was on BP Koirala. While living in Patna, he came in contact with Indian leaders like Narendra, Lohia and JP. Later, due to their contact with VP. He also joined the party. In India, when the British were told to leave India. At that time He even went to jail several times. The British had to leave India. India became independent. The Indian movement also had an impact on the Kshemi country. Nepali people also wanted to be free from the atrocities committed by Rana in Nepal.

Nepali Congress Founder
Nepali Congress Founder


On June 7, 1993, the Nepali people opened an organization called Praja Parishad for liberation. This was also closely monitored by the Rana. VP knew this secret. Feeling the organization, he published the news of the magazine ‘Searchlight’ coming out of Patna asking people who are interested in bringing democracy in Nepal to come in contact with me. With this news, interested Nepalis started coming closer to the him. It was decided to open an ad hoc committee in Vanaras. Vice President Balachandra Sharma and BP Koirala An ad hoc committee was formed to be the coordinator.

There was also a labor movement in Nepal. In this movement also, He was arrested. On the one hand, the country’s movement was to move forward and on the other hand, there was tension in the party. The party also split. One party was led by Dillerman Regmi. Among the Rana’s who were vying to become the Prime Minister of the country, Padrim Shamsher resigned from the ministry and Mohan Shamsher became the Prime Minister. On the one hand, the Rana were divided into A, B, C and Burg. Subarna  Shamsher was taken out by Juddha Shamsher.

After his release, he called for a struggle, seeing that restoring democracy in the country would not be possible without a struggle. An agreement was reached in Delhi in 2007 and a democratic government was formed with Mohan Shamsher as the Prime Minister. He became the Home Minister. This cabinet was not very sustainable. In 2008, Matrika Prasad became the Prime Minister. Dissatisfaction began to increase in Matrika and BP Koirala. Leaning towards Matrika’s palace and opening a separate party, the socialist economy desired  was implemented in the sixth general convention of the NC.


BP Koirala
BP Koirala

Although he wanted the Constituent Assembly elections, the king changed the prime minister and announced parliamentary elections. He studied the situation and accepted the election. The election has taken place. The NC brought in the majority and he  became the Prime Minister. There was a big conspiracy to overthrow the NC government. Leaders including BP Koirala were arrested while delivering the inaugural speech of Tarun Dal on April 20, 2017. Parties were banned. Mahendra did not listen to the pressure of the international community.

 Literary journey

If you look at the life of a BP Koirala, it is not enough to just look at his political contribution. His literary contribution should also be studied. Before writing Nepali literature, he was interested in studying English and Hindi fiction novels. He had a growing relationship with Shantipriya Dwivedi, Ram Krishna Das, Jaishankar, Maithili Sharan Gupta, Sumitranandan Pant and Munshi Premchandra.


Book Of BP
Book Of BP

Since he is not only a study of works but also a practice of putting them into practice, we find him sometimes as a Freudian, sometimes as a shadowy, sometimes as a sexist, sometimes as a psychologist, sometimes as an idealist, sometimes as a mystic, sometimes as a spiritualist, sometimes as a destinyist. He also started writing in Hindi. He started writing at the young age of 16. ‘Chandravadan’ is his first story in Nepali.

‘Tin Ghumti’, ‘Narendra Dai’, ‘Sumnima’, ‘Modi’, ‘Hitler and the Jews’ and ‘Father, Mother and Son’ are VP’s novels. He has left us. He is not only a poet, essayist, storyteller, novelist but also a philosopher.




Best 5 Must Visit Places in Nepal : The Hidden Places