Gorkha : Overview
The word Gorkha has gained popularity not only in Nepal but all over the world. It is the district where the Shah dynasty started from the reign of the historical Bhure-Takure kings. Gorakhnath, Gorakhkali and Manakamana also have historical religious sites in Gorkha. In the geography of Nepal, It is also a district connected to the Terai district from the Tibetan border. The northern region, i.e. the remote geography above Sirdibas, is known as the Trans-Himalayan Gorkha. The Manaslu, Himalchuli, Nadhi Chuli and Buddhist mountains have attracted internal and external tourists.
The Gorkha district, which lies between the Budhigandaki River in the east, the Chepe and Marsyangdi rivers in the west, the Trishuli River in the south, and the autonomous region of Tibet in the north, is now visited not only by foreigners but also by domestic tourists. Beautiful places like Warpak and Laprak, the rural settlements of the Gurung community in this district, have become tourist destinations. Due to the clean environment of the village, homestay facilities, expansion of road transport, This district has become a district that attracts both internal and external tourists.
If we look at the history of Gorkha, before Prithvinarayan Shah, there was an attempt to unify Nepal even during the time of Yaksha Malla of the valley, Mani Mukundasen of Palpa and King Jitari Malla of Jumla. At that time, the state of Palpa was large. This was also under the rule of Palpa state. After the death of Mani Mukundasen, king of Palpa, his son did not want to control the Gorkha kingdom. There is a history that the huge Gurkha state of Thum, Kot and the village chiefs declared their own state and started running the state.
When the state was divided in this way, It was divided into states like Liglig, Majhkot, Siranchok, Ajirkot and Warpak. A new tradition was started in Ligligkot as a king was needed to run the state. According to this tradition, every year on the day of Vijaya Dashami, a king is chosen from the race. It is 13 km from Durbar of Ligligkot to Chepeghat of Chependi. The distance is determined. In the race to become king, Dravyashah became king in 1616 BS.
Importance of Gorkha in History of Nepal
The identity and importance of Gorkha district is different in the history of Nepal. Kalananda Dhakal, an astrologer who taught mathematics from the knowledge of astrology during the unification of Nepal, was born in Gorkha. The house of Bhimsen Thapa, Lakhan Thapa and Gaje Ghale, who won the VC medal in the war with Burma in the Second World War, was also in this district . Similarly, Purandar Shah, Chhatra Shah, Ram Shah, Dambar Shah, Krishna Shah, Rudra Shah, Prithvipati Shah, Narabhupal Shah, and Prithvinarayan Shah were also born in Gorkha.
The place is believed to be named after Yogi Gorakhnath, the deity worshiped by the people of this district. In the Nepali language, the field of grass is considered to be Khark, so the word Khark is distorted and it is also considered to be Gorkha despite being Garkha. There are large grass fields in this district. It is also discussed in the Lichhavi period. As described in the inscription of Jayadeva II, at that time It was ruled from the center.
As there is a monastery of Siddha Purush Gorakhnath Baba in one place, the district is believed to have been named after that place.
After the merger of the monarchy, the historical sites of this district have now become religious tourist sites. People who visit Gorkha visit the palaces, forts and temples of the Shah dynasty. The Gorkha Durbar, the birthplace of Prithvinarayan Shah, is the center of attraction here. The Gorkha Durbar, which can be reached in about 40 minutes on foot or by transport from the district headquarters, has historical significance.
Places to Visit in Gorkha
Another palace in the middle of Gorkha Bazaar is also associated with the history of the Shah dynasty kings. This palace has presented samples of Mallakalin architecture. The windows, doors and tundals of this palace have a pattern of mythical woodwork. About 1 km from Gorkha Durbar. Upallokot in the northeast is a suitable place for sightseeing. From this place you can see the beautiful view of the morning sunrise. This place also has historical significance.
King Ram Shah’s palace is believed to have been in this place before the present Gorkha palace was built. The temple and cave of Gorakhnath near Gorkha Durbar is another center of attraction.There is a Chautaro in Gorkha Bazaar. This Chautaro is known as the Chautaro given by King Ram Shah. That is why it is called Ram Shah Chautaro. It is said that Ram Shah used to sit in any court, assembly, justice and hear complaints, important decisions and judicial functions.
It is spread by natural beauty, unique geographical environment, plains from mountains to hills and big tar. The historical Kot, Shakti Peeth and the palaces built by the Bhuretakure kings and the temples built at Kotmaula are the heritage of thisdistrict. Ligligkot in Gorkha is a historical site. Every region has a history of everything. History covers everything. Therefore, the historical Ligligkot of Hola. It has become a tourist destination in the present situation. Before the establishment of the Khas kingdom, Ligligkot was under the Magars. That is why the name is also in the Magar language. In the Magar language, ‘lingling’ means beautiful scene.