Sagun In Newari Culture : Overview
Sagun in Newari Culture has a great importance and value.Sagun means auspicious. The elements contained in Saguna are symbols of Panchatatva. Sagun is a respectable, civilized, polite and original cultural practice. The main meaning of this is to exchange blessings, good wishes and congratulations in a religious manner by embracing every good deed. Although Sagun is given and given to all castes in their own way, it is very common in Newari society. In the Newar caste, every good deed or auspicious occasion begins with Sagun.
From which positive energy flows in life and motivation to move forward on the path of destiny. The human body is born with death. Without a body, human life has no meaning. Therefore, the practice of giving omens should be started for the purpose of strengthening the body, good health and preventing premature death. There is a traditional belief that there is no harm or evil in assimilating the body made up of the five great beings with the symbolic elements of the five great beings.
We have been gladly, devoutly and wholeheartedly embracing the virtues brought to us by our forefathers after thousands of years of penance and commitment to God. In Newari society, curd (dhau sag) and egg (kho sag) are the prevalent sagun. It is believed that the person giving or receiving these omens should have returned to the east-west and not to the north-south.
Dahi Sagun (Dhau Sagun) : Sagun In Newari Culture
Dahi Sagun is a Sagun given before or after any good deed according to the nature of the deed, along with worship material and curd. In it, Akshata, Laba, Abir, Tika, flowers, incense sticks, curd, etc., all the worship materials are placed in the worship place and worshiped by burning Ganesha in front of the person concerned. Panchayana deities Ganesha, Mahadev, Bhagwati, Surya and Vishnu along with the elements of air and water are remembered.
Similarly, home worship is done with the desire to keep Grihalakshmi stable. In this way, after offering incense to the gods and worshiping them, the person who takes the omen is also asked to worship the Lord in remembrance. After the worship of God, the person who takes the omen is given yogurt, flowers, etc. After vaccination, flowers, garlands, whole betel nuts, money, fruits, sweets, etc. are placed on the new clothes or clothes and worshiped. If a person is a man, it is obligatory to wear a hat on his head. When giving omens to many people at once, it should be given according to the order of seniority.
Anda Sagun (Kho Sagun)
Anda sagun is called kho sang in Newari language. The real omen that is taken as a symbol of Goddess and Panchatatva is the omen omen. It is necessary to complete the entire procedure of yogurt sagun before laying eggs according to the occasion. The egg sagun is actually a sagun provided for the purpose of body protection and progress. It is also a mysterious gift of the Tantric method. Depending on the occasion, it is customary to give only yoghurt and sometimes eggs.
Eggs, fish, meat, bara and somaras These five items are considered as egg sagun. Hence it is also called Panchamkar. Of these objects, the egg is taken as Brahma. Because at the beginning of creation, Brahma is believed to have appeared from an egg. The fish is considered as Vishnu. In ancient times, Lord Vishnu incarnated as a fish to protect the earth. Therefore, fish is considered to be the form of Lord Vishnu. Meat is considered as Mahadev. In ancient times, Lord Mahadev incarnated as Ranga.
Therefore, meat is considered as a symbol of Lord Mahadev. Vara is recognized as the omnipotent and 33 crore deity. Somaras is considered to be Goddess Bhagwati or Shakti. The reason is that during the churning of the sea, the goddess Somaras appeared with a pot. Thus, there is a tradition of taking all these objects as deities and incorporating them in one’s body in order to attain divinity.
According to another view, eggs are earth element, fish water element, meat air element, bara sky element and somaras energy i.e. fire element. According to this belief, just as animals are safe in the forest, fish in the water, and birds are safe in the sky, it is hoped that the person who takes the omen will be safe wherever he goes. To take omens in this way is to differentiate the human body from nature and to reaffirm the notion that the one who controls these five elements in human life will conquer the world. Accordingly, it is also possible to control or discipline the five senses. Eggs, fish, meat and bara are not added to the sagun but somaras are added twice.
Sagun, especially in Newari society, has a tradition of taking and giving on every auspicious occasion from birth to old age. After birth, it is mandatory to take omens in food festival, Janmotsav, Chhewar (Vasuka), Vratbandha, Belvivah (ihi), cave keeping (Surya Darshan), marriage and Bhima Rathrohan, Chandra Rathrohan and Dev Ratharohan. Similarly, Sagun is obligatory in festivals, especially in Maha Puja (Govardhana Puja), Bhai Tika, etc. Apart from this, the ounce of looking at the face of the parents is given with respect to the parents.
The next day the pooja is performed during Lakhbatti / week etc. Similarly, when passing an exam, entering a job, being promoted, going on a trip abroad, entering a home, or avoiding death in a major accident, it is customary to give and take omens.
The main purpose of taking and giving omens is that in our body, along with Brahma, Vishnu, Maheshwar, thirty-three deities, Shakti Rupini Bhagwati also resides in our body and soul. As a result, if there are any evil planets or evil spirits living in our body, all of them have to leave our body, then the person who takes the omen cannot be touched by disease and grief by attaining divinity.
Wherever he goes, wherever he stays, he will always be auspicious. Therefore, we should gladly accept the rules given by law. Negative activities such as pretending or arrogant / lying should not be done while taking Sagun. Devoutly accepting the rules given by the law, one should bow down to the devotees and take some blessings and eat some fruits.