Dhaulagiri literally means “white mountain”.It is the seventh highest mountain in the world which is 8167 m above the sea level.It is located on the eastern side of the this mountain range, which lies in the central part of the Nepali Himalayas. It is located northwest of Pokhara. To its east lies the Annapurna Himal on the other side of the deep gorge of Kali Gandaki, the first of which is over 8,000 meters high.
DhaulagiriDhaulagiri (8,167 m) was the highest peak in the world before the heights of Kanchenjunga and Everest were determined. It is currently ranked seventh in the height classification. However, mountains should not be measured by height alone. Mountains should be valued in a multidimensional way. The current challenges of mountaineering, the topography of the topography, the geographical and geological significance, the characteristics of the biodiversity as well as the cultural originality of the Dhaulagiri mountain has not been able to climb.
Why don’t our world-famous climbers, who are ready to climb Mt. Everest for the twentieth time, do not climb other mountains? The history of mountaineering shows that the challenge of mountaineering is even greater in Dhaulagiri. About 40 percent of the climbers who have gone to Dhaulagiri to date have lost their lives.
After Maurice Herzag’s attempt to climb failed in 1950, he headed for Annapurna. Only 10 years later, in 1960, Swiss and Austrian teammates Kurt Dimeberger, Peter Diner, Ernst Forrer, Alvin Shelvert, Neema Dorje and Ngawang Dorje successfully climbed Dhaulagiri. Since then, in the 49-year history till 2009, only 413 climbers have reached the summit of Dhaulagiri. On the other hand, 347 people have climbed Mt. Everest in the spring of this year.
In order to reduce the burden of human footsteps and pollution on Mt. Everest, it is logical to attract mountaineering enthusiasts to other peaks. For that, it has to be established that It is an important and challenging destination. Accordingly, it is important to think about the management of infrastructure in time. The fact that the mountain of challenge is Dhaulagiri is in dire need of publicity in the world of mountaineering.
In May and July 1966, Dhaulagiri was given a chance to explore the flora and fauna. At that time, crossed Jangla Bhanjyang (4420 m) from Pokhara via Dhorpatan, Dunai of Dolpa (1676 m) and then Foksumdo Lake, She-Gompa, Tarapagaun, Charkabhot, Sangda Bhanjyang (5487 m) and returned to Pokhara via Kagweni. The visit provided an opportunity to learn about the importance of Dhaulagiri, especially in the field of flora and biodiversity.
It can be circumnavigated from Nepal’s land, not Tibet. The Himalayas stretch from the Indus River valley in the west to the Brahmaputra valley in the east, with a length of approximately 2,500 km. There is heavy rain in the eastern mountains. Cherrapunji (1326 m), located at an altitude of Kathmandu, receives an average of 11,615 mm of water in each monsoon, seven times more than Kathmandu and almost three times more than Pokhara.
In the western Himalayas, there is no such monsoon.There are snowfalls, also in the form of snow. The eastern mountain ranges lean south toward the equator, while the western mountain ranges farther north. For example, the latitude of Mount Everest is about 28 degrees, while Nanga Parbat is about 35 degrees. Due to that, there is a lot of difference in the environment and biodiversity of the eastern and western mountains.
Confluence of biodiversity
As they spread from east to west and from west to east, these differences and variations are met in Dhaulagiri and Kaligandaki of Nepal. It is customary to call the mountains east of Kaligand the eastern mountains and the western mountains the western mountains. Dhaulagiri peak is located at 83 degrees east longitude. With the help of this line, botanists separate the eastern and western botanical provinces. Dhaulagiri also connects Dolpa in the north, Mustang Desert region and Myagdi-Parbat and Kaski region in the south.
In this sense, Dhaulagiri and the Kaligandaki region at its base have served as a crossroads for biodiversity and the environment. This means that the region serves as the center of East-West and North-South Asia.The broad-leaved Gurans, Chap, Kaulo, Arkhaulo, Katus, Chilaune, etc., which reflect the characteristics of the eastern mountains, and their forests extend to the Gandak region, cannot extend to Karnali. In fact, it does not extend west of Dhaulagiri.
Dhaulagiri-Annapurna and Kaligandaki also appear as similar confluence areas for birds and other creatures. In the eastern Himalayas, Chilimechara, Khong can be seen only up to Dhaulagiri. When they go west, they are not visible. Similarly, chickpeas, chiropractors and cockles (Cockcross phegants) are abundant in the west, but are not often found in the east.
Dhaulagiri, Annapurna and Kaligandaki also have many other special originals. When you cut down the Sangda Bhanjyang (5487 m) that falls from Dolpa to Kaligand, you can see that it has reached the deepest valley in the world. After all, Dhaulagiri on one side and Annapurna on the other are both 8000 m high and Kaligandaki flows at an altitude of about 3000 m in the middle.
In this regard, 5000 min. As the width of the deep valley is only 35 km wide, it is one of the most amazing landscapes in the world.
Surprisingly, the Shaligram rocks found in Kaligandaki preserve the remains of all the shellfish found at the bottom of the sea. The discovery of the method or science of how the bottom of the sea reached the sea is also exciting in itself. Scientists estimate that Shaligram is 200 million years old.Geological evidence of the origin and formation of the Himalayas and its mirrors can be easily seen in the Kaligandaki valley. This is a unique laboratory, a school, about the construction and origin of the mountain.
Dhaulagiri in provincial Nepal
Dhaulagiri Zone is formed by carrying the name of Dhaulagiri Mountain, which includes Mustang, Myagdi, Baglung and Parbat four districts. Gandaki and Lumbini zones have been added to the Dhaulagiri zone to form the Western Development Region. This development area includes Terai and Madhes, hills and mountains and Bhote Pradesh. In the context of the state restructuring of the Republic of Nepal, it is also a matter of time before the geographical and natural diversity strengthens the interconnectedness of stone-to-soil and soil-to-stone.
Does it connect or separate ‘Tamuwan’ and ‘Magarat’? This is a serious question. If we make the point of adjustment the center of division, no positive result can be expected from it. Dhaulagiri needs a hand to lift it, not a fist. The complementary nature provided by the form of the Western Development Region created by Dhaulagiri, Annapurna and Kaligandaki has to be strengthened by integration and not by division. New Nepal is where the Terai and Madhes lift the mountains and the mountains lift the mountains.The new Nepal is the one where the vote removes the shortcomings of the mountains, the mountains the mountains and the mountains the Madhes and the Terai. To lift it, the hands of Terai, Madhes, hills, mountains and Bhota should be mobilized.
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