Birupakshya:Unsolved Mystery of Pashupatinath


Most people know that idol as the idol of Kali (Yuga). The idol is buried on the ground covering the entire trunk. It is unknown at this time what he will do after leaving the post. The statue’s nose is nepto, its lips are thick, and its head is crooked, so historians consider it to be a statue of the Kirat period.As you descend from the eastern gate of the Pashupati Temple in Kathmandu to the banks of the Bagmati, there is a magnificent idol in a small temple near Brahmanal on the right. That idol attracts the attention of all the pilgrims. Most people know that idol as the idol of Kali (Yuga). The idol is buried on the ground covering the entire trunk. It is unknown at this time what he will do after leaving the post.The statue’s nose is nepto, its lips are thick, and its head is crooked, so historians consider it to be a statue of the Kirat period. The oldest stone statues found in Nepal include the statue of Kali and a male statue sitting on a throne next to it (Satya Mohan Joshi, 2019, ‘Archeology is an Interesting Story’).

The more the Kali Yuga disappears, the more it is believed that the idol will come up. People who know him also call him the idol of Virupaksha.According to the Sanskrit dictionary, this idol is called ‘Birupaksha’ because it has an eye in Bitunga, because like Shivaji, this idol also has one eye on its forehead, but the popular folklore in the Kathmandu Valley introduces it as ‘Birupaksha’ or ‘Kali’.According to the popular folklore in Kathmandu Valley, ‘Birupaksha’ is the name of a Kiranti boy. When the boy was young, the boy’s father went abroad to earn money as he had no property at home, but when his son was seven years old, his father did not return home.No matter how many places he searched for, he could not find his father, even though he was seventeen years old.Many years after the disappearance of the father and mother, the mother also went in search of the father and son. Coincidentally, the mother and son came to live in the same shelter. Mother looked young. The mother and son did not know each other, so they had intercourse.When they got up in the morning and started dating, they found out that they were their own mother and child. Edited by Yogi Narharinath (2013, 2nd ed. 2071), Skanda Purana’s ‘Himavat Khand’ (Chapter 89, ‘Birupaksha Nepal Tirthayatra Durgatirtha Mahatmya’, page 372 (375) mentions the caste Brahmins of Birupaksha. Not even found.

The beginning of Kali Yuga was after that great sin of Virupaksha’s motherhood. Even now, Kali is still in Nepal as an opponent! I don’t know what the folklore of the mother says, but the son was moved by remorse. He asked Lord Pashupati Nath how he could atone for the sin of motherhood.Pashupati Nath is addicted to poison, cannabis and dhatura, so he told the boy that the sin of motherhood can be absolved only after eating 12 dharnis of copper. The boy has cooked in a pot to melt copper. After heating in the fire for a long time, it is seen that the copper has melted, but the smoke of the copper burning inside the pot has made the boy look black, dirty and ugly.Then the boy’s name became ‘Birupaksh’ (folklore only understands the meaning of the name ‘Virupaksh’, ‘Axis’ does not seem to mean ‘eyes’).Feeling that Lord Pashupati had deceived him, Birupaksha wanders around the Pashupati area, abusing Shivaji and kicking his idol, and takes refuge in Lord Buddha.The Buddha gives him a rosary of Bodhichitta and instructs him to turn it around until it is untied.

The Buddha’s teaching was that when the garland is untied, your sins will be forgiven. Birupaksha turned the garland around where his idol is now, but the garland did not open. Desperate, Birupaksha saw a boy crawling on a stone until an iron sheet died and asked what he had done.The boy said, ‘Look, my clothes are torn, so I tried to make a needle out of iron! It was Lord Buddha who came in the guise of a boy to inspire Virupaksha to work hard. After getting knowledge from the boy, the garland of Birupaksha was also loosened, but the devotees of Pashupatinath insulted Shivaji and kicked Virupaksha who was kicking his idol and buried him on the bank of the river Bagmati.In order to take revenge on the God who betrays him and the devotees who bury him on the ground, Virupaksha is forcing him to rise from the ground. At the end of Kali Yuga, it is believed that Virupaksha will come out completely. In Pashupati, the idol of a woman near the idol of Birupaksha is believed to be that of Virupaksha’s mother (Kirantini or Yakshini).This folktale of ‘Birupaksha’ of Kathmandu seems to have been created by the Buddhists, because

1. this story describes Mahadev fleeing from Virupaksha and taking refuge in the Buddha,

2. the Buddha taking refuge and hiding in Swayambhu as Mahadev ‘Panchabuddha’ There is something in the story that Shivaji cheated, Buddha gave wisdom,

3. Buddha comes in the guise of a poor boy to give wisdom,

4. Shivaji has only bad things, Buddha has only good things,

5. Birupaksha is said to have insulted and kicked Shivaji, and

6. Virupaksha is a name of Lord Shiva, but this story has created Birupaksha as a real idol of motherhood, great sin and Kali Yuga, which is not mentioned anywhere in Shiva Purana.

Based on these evidences, it is understood that at some point in time when there was a religious rivalry between Shaivites and Buddhists in the Kathmandu Valley, the Buddhist tradition here created this story to bring down Mahadev and prove that Buddha is greater and greater than Shivaji.According to the Puranic Encyclopedia (Vettam Mani, 2075 A.D.), there are eight types of characters named Birupaksha in various Puranas. Among them, one of the eleven Rudra forms of Lord Shiva is also called Virupaksha. Most of the characters with the name Virupaksha are monsters, demons and demons (there is no legend in the Kathmandu Valley folklore), such as:

1. This earth is made up of eight elephants ( There is a mythical belief that the veterans have lifted it from eight directions.Virupaksha is the name of one of them.

2.According to Mahabharata, Adi Parva (Chapter 67), the name of one of the demon children of Kashyapa Prajapati and Danu was also Birupaksha.

3. According to the Mahabharata, Sabha Parva (Dakshinatya Path, Chapter 38) (who went from Mithila to rule in Pragjyotisha) the name of a demon servant of Narakasur was also Birupaksha, who was killed on the banks of Lohit Ganga (Brahmaputra).

4. According to the Mahabharata, Drona Parva (Chapter 175), the name of a demon friend of Ghatotkach was also Birupaksha.

5. According to the Mahabharata, Shanti Parva (Chapter 170), the name of a monster was also opposite.

6.According to Valmiki Ramayana (war story), the name of a demon who fought with Rama Laxman on the side of Ravan was also Birupaksha.

7.According to the Agni Purana (Chapter 10), after Kumbhakarna died at the hands of Lakshmana, Virupaksha was one of the many chief commanders of Ravana.

When Sugriva destroyed Ravana’s army, Dhanurvana came to fight on the opposite elephant and frightened everyone. In the end, Sugriva killed Birupaksha.From the post-Vedic period, Shivaji is found in Vedic literature, and whenever there is a war between gods and demons, in the Puranas, Lord Vishnu is seen to be on the side of the gods, while Shivaji is on the side of demons, demons, demons and demons. According to Vedic literature and Puranas, Shivaji is considered to be the deity of the non-Vedic people, so it is natural to have many demons, demons, demons and demons with the name Virupaksha, because Shivaji, who was the deity, did not have a pen in his hand.The story of Virupaksha in the Kathmandu Valley is BC. The fifth-century Greek playwright Sophocles’ play Oedipus Rex (King Oedipus) coincides with the Greek mythology (Encyclopedia of Greek and Roman Mythology, 2010). As soon as a son of the king of Thebes was born, what was the prophecy? He killed his own father and married his own mother.

Even though the king sent the child to be killed and thrown into the forest, the servant left him in the forest. child was found by a farmer and given to the childless king of Corinth. The queen named child ‘Oedipus’ and adopted him. The boy left the house knowing that they were not his parents. On the way there was a fight with a man. Oedipus killed him and went to Thebes to marry his queen and give birth to a child, but according to Delphi’s calculations he killed his own father and unknowingly married his own mother and found out that he had siblings or children.

Oedipus, his mother, the queen, and his siblings, all died in suicide because of this heinous and painful sin.
Surprisingly, the legend of Birupaksha is not only similar to the Oedipus of Greek myth, but also the sculptural art of Birupaksha of Pashupati Aryaghat is made in Greek style (Satya Mohan Joshi, 2019, Archeology is an interesting story). There are five to six temples of Lord Shiva in India. In Karnataka (Hampi, Chare, Bangalore, Adihalli) alone, there are four Birupaksha temples.Apart from this, there are famous temples of Birupaksha in Phulbani of Odisha and Ratlam of Madhya Pradesh.Birupaksha is not considered as a monster, demon, demon, bud or leaf in any place where there is a temple in India. The only place in the world where Birupaksha is considered to be the mother-leaf bud is in the Kathmandu Valley, so it seems that the people of this valley believe that Kali Yuga is somewhere in Nepal, because the idol of Lord Shiva is not insulted, slandered and stigmatized anywhere else in this valley.

Viratak’, he writes that the style of the same statue of Birupaksha at Aryaghat near Harineshwar is similar to the statue of Birupaksha carved on the Parashurameshwar penis of Gudimallam near Tirupati in Andhra Pradesh. In Gudimallam, a full-length statue of ‘Parashurameshwar’ is carved on the front of a huge penis that looks real in black and shaded stone.

According to Gurung, the fallen hair of that idol of Parashurameshwar looks almost like the hair of Pashupati’s Birupaksha, but the idol of Paraupurameshwar is covered on the floor below the waist and the idol of Parashurameshwar is seen from head to toe. Parashurameshwar’s nose is not Neptune, while Thepcho is, while Pashupati’s Virupaksha’s nose is Neptune.

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