Biography of Prithvinarayan Shah
From time immemorial, epoch-making great heroes have been born from the fertile womb of the Nepalese mother and charioteers riding the chariot of nationalism have emerged. Prithvinarayan Shah is one of the most important historical heroes born of a Nepali mother according to the needs of the age and the demand of Nepali soil. He has laid a strong foundation of Nepali nationality with the aim of improving the Nepali situation.Raising a strong pillar of nationality, he smiles on the torn face of a Nepali mother and shines a light of happiness on her dirty face.These are the births of Prithvinarayan Shah. It took place in the palace of Gorkha on the 27th of Poush, 1779 BS.He was born as the son of Narabhupal Shah and Kaushalyawati. Prithvinarayan Shah was a promising and talented person from an early age.
Growing up in the loving arms of his eldest aunt Chandra Prabhavati, he had acquired knowledge about politics from an early age. It is said that he was given the gift of victory by Manakamana in his childhood and was specially blessed by Gorkha Nath Baba. Prithvinarayan was married to Chandra Prabhati, the long-serving daughter of King Hemkarna Sen of Makwanpur. Prithvinarayan Shah ascended the throne of Gorkha at the tender age of 20 years. As soon as he became the king, Prithvinarayan Shah’s meditation did not focus on fun, but on luxury. His gaze reached the miserable state of Hamwatkhand, which was being torn to pieces; His attention was drawn to the precarious situation of Nepal at that time, which was divided by selfish rulers and sharp-eyed by crooked imperialist rulers.
He made his ambitious but far-sighted dream of conquering the twenty-two and twenty-four kingdoms scattered in the west, the city-dwellers within the valley and the Kirat kings of the South Terai and the East a great dream of his life.Napoleon’s statement that “the impossible is only in the dictionary of fools” became a characteristic of Prithvinarayan’s life. He made his first attack on Nuwakot, a prosperous and glorious state like the Kathmandu Valley. The first defeat taught him a new lesson for victory, not despair. He then continued to invade the neighboring Gurkha states, including Nuwakot, and the twenty-two and twenty-four western states, pursuing a policy of equality, price, punishment and discrimination, with Vijayashree following him in each battle.
He made his ambitious but far-sighted dream of conquering the twenty-two and twenty-four kingdoms scattered in the west, the city-dwellers within the valley and the Kirat kings of the South Terai and the East a great dream of his life.Napoleon’s statement that “the impossible is only in the dictionary of fools” became a characteristic of Prithvinarayan’s life.
Similarly, After capturing the Kathmandu Valley in 1826, he undertook the important task of completing his victory campaign and a chapter of the Nepal Unification Festival. Prithvinarayan Shah has not taught that after the unification of the Nepali nation and the strengthening of nationalism, Nepal, inhabited by all castes, has been presented as a common flower garden of 36 castes. Prithvinarayan Shah, the king of the Thakuri Shah dynasty under which sect, as the king of a hill state like Gorkha, understood the hearts of the Newars of the valley and won the hearts of the Kirats. His geographical integration campaign could have failed if the sentiments of the people of different castes had been conveyed to the country. Prithvinarayan, well acquainted with all these things, laid a strong foundation of Nepali nationalism by loving the people of the conquered or acquired states more than the people of the ancestral state of Gorkha and touching their hearts.
Prithvinarayan Shah has won two wars at the same time. The earth, which started the war with patriotism as its ultimate goal and nation-building as its ultimate goal, saw the brothers of a family divided and divided among themselves into a web of personal petty selfishness of distrust and jealousy.And saw the walls of the same house cracking and falling down due to internal strife; From that, the British power, which was expanding its colonies in the world as a country where the sun never sets, also saw the possibility of playing an imperialist game by spreading its poisonous nails on Nepali soil. He chased away the English chief Kinlok who came to the aid of the king of the valley by licking the dust in Sindhulimadi; Mir Qasim, the Nawab of Bihar, who had come to the aid of the king of Makwanpur, was brought to his knees in Makwanpur and saved the poisonous feet of the imperialists from falling into the courtyard of the holy valley.
In this way, Prithvinarayan Shah saved the existence and identity of Nepal and Nepalis by fighting with the selfish elements inside the country and the British imperialist forces outside the country, who were leading the country towards fragmentation in terms of nation building.
Prithvinarayan Shah, a pioneer of national unity and a historical epoch maker, has laid a strong foundation of Nepali nationhood by giving a collective form to the individual state. He said that Nepal and Nepalis are united not only geographically but also culturally and emotionally. He has established himself as the gardener by developing the soil and the heart as the common garden and flower garden.Prithvinarayan is a great personality of patriotism and unity who rejuvenated modern Nepal by fighting both domestic and foreign enemies. Collectively, Dinkar played a role in bringing about the rise of the nation as well as guiding all the Nepali people on the path of awakening and awakening from sleep and towards the forest path of construction and prosperity.